Archives of Competition

EU adopts temporary State aid rules for the COVID-19 outbreak

With a view to containing the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the EU economy, the European Commission adopted temporary State aid measures (the “Temporary Framework”), to increase the flexibility of Member states in supporting their national economies. This is not an unprecedented step, as the Commission had adopted a Temporary Framework in 2008, in response […]
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Are big data and algorithms next on the European Commission’s competition agenda?

Margrethe Vestager has made it clear that the European Commission is looking into potential competition issues arising from big data. Whether tech giants and other big data collectors should brace themselves for the next big showdown with the EU’s competition regulator remains to be seen. However, it is never too early to consider precisely what the competition issues are […]
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ECJ clarifies full functionality requirement of a joint venture

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) ruled in Austria Asphalt v Bundeskartellanwalt (Case C-248/16) that when there is a change in the type of control over an existing undertaking from sole to joint control, the criterion of a concentration within the meaning of the EU Merger Regulation (EUMR) is only fulfilled when the arising joint […]
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State aid control over tax rulings of EU member states – should multinationals be revisiting their tax rulings?

Introduction Criticism against the European Commission’s State aid decisions over tax arrangements intensified following the August 2016 decision on Apple. In that decision, the Commission found Ireland to have given Apple a benefit of approximately €13bn in illegal State aid through tax rulings.  The amount that Ireland is directed to recover from Apple in unpaid […]
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